Cic edizioni internazionali
Research and Advances in Psychiatry


RAP Journal Author Guidelines

Open Access
All articles published by Research and Advances in Psychiatry are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication, without subscription charges or registration barriers. Authors of articles published in Research and Advances in Psychiatry are the copyright holders of their articles and have granted to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the article.

Indexing services
Research and Advances in Psychiatry is currently under evaluation by PubMed Central (PMC), the free archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM). Once obtained the indexing, all articles published by Research and Advances in Psychiatry will be immediately deposited and permanently archived in PMC.

Article categories
Research and Advances in Psychiatry publishes original research articles, clinical studies, review articles, brief reports, case reports, editorials, systematic reviews, meta-analysis, qualitative researches.

Non-Native Speakers of English
Authors for whom English is a second language should have their manuscript reviewed for clarity by a colleague whose native language is English or edited by a fluent English speaker before submission. This is aimed at improving grammar, spelling, and punctuation, improving clarity and resolving any ambiguity caused by poor phrasing; improving word-choice and ensuring that the tone of the language is appropriate for an academic journal.

Full title should be 12 words or fewer. It should be specific, descriptive, concise, and comprehensible to readers outside the subject field. Avoid abbreviations if possible. Provide also a short or “running” title of 7 words or fewer.

List the authors in the order in which they have to appear in the by-line of the published article. When a large group or centre has conducted the work, the author list should include the individuals whose contributions meet the criteria defined above, as well as the group name. Provide institutional affiliation for each author; one author should be designated as the corresponding author, and his or her email address or other contact information should be included on the manuscript cover page. This information will be published with the article if accepted.

Word Count
List the word count for the text of the manuscript. Do not include the abstract or the references in word count.

All submissions, except Editorials, should be accompanied by an abstract. The abstract should describe the main objective(s) of the study, explain how the study was done, summarize the most important results and their significance. Abstracts should not include citation and abbreviations, if possible.

Use short introductions that concisely set up the context of the paper for readers. Conclude with a brief statement of the overall aim of the work and a comment about whether that aim was achieved.

Briefly describe the methods used for the study. For studies involving humans, describe in the Methods section how participants were assembled and selected, and the sites or setting from which they were recruited. State, if true, that an institutional review board approved the study or affirm that the protocol is consistent with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki (World Medical Association), and state whether participants gave their informed consent. For all studies, include a statement at the end of the Methods section describing the role of any funding source for the study.

Fully describe the study sample so that readers can gauge how well the study findings apply to their patients (external validity). Then present primary findings followed by any secondary and subgroup findings.

Consider structuring the discussion according to the following sequence.
1. Provide a brief synopsis of key findings, with particular emphasis on how the findings add to the body of pertinent knowledge.
2. Discuss possible mechanisms and explanations for the findings.
3. Compare study results with relevant findings from other published work.
4. Discuss the limitations of the present study and any methods used to minimize or compensate for those limitations.

Acknowledge only persons who have contributed to the scientific content or provided technical support. Authors should obtain written permission from anyone they wish to list in the Acknowledgments section. The corresponding author must also affirm that he or she has listed everyone who contributed significantly to the work in the Acknowledgments.
If the study had no external funding source or if the funding source had no role in the study, state so explicitly.

Number references, using Arabic numerals in parentheses, in the order in which they first appear in the text. References cited in a table/figure should appear in numeric order relative to the first citation of the table/figure in the text. For example, if the last reference cited before the table/figure in question is mentioned as reference 14, and that table/figure contains 5 references that have not been cited, the references in the table/figure would be numbered 15 through 19. Reference citations in the text would then recommence with number 20. Examples are given below:

1. Zinbarg RE, Barlow DH, Liebowitz M, Street L, Broadhead E, Katon W, Roy-Byrne P, Lepine J-P, Teherani M, Richards J, Brantley PJ, Kraemer H: The DSM-IV field trial for mixed anxiety-depression. Am J Psychiatry 1994; 151:1153-1162

2. Beahrs JO: The cultural impact of psychiatry: the question of regressive effects, in American Psychiatry After World War II: 1944-1994. Edited by Menninger RW, Nemiah JC. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press, 2000, pp 321-342

3. Burrows GD, Norman TR, Judd FK, Marriott PF: Short-acting versus long-acting benzodiazepines: discontinuation effects in panic disorders. J Psychiatr Res 1990; 24(suppl 2):65-72

Use footnotes only on the title page and in tables. Do not use footnotes in the text. Footnote symbols, in the order in which they should be used, are *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡, and so on. Do not use numbers or letters.

For electronic submitting please follow the instructions reported at
Type each table on a separate page at the end of the main document. Do not submit tables as photographs. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Give each column a short or abbreviated heading. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean. Do not use internal horizontal and vertical rules. Be sure that each table is cited in the text. If you use data from another published source, obtain permission and acknowledge fully

For electronic submitting please follow the instructions reported at
Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text. If a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source. If the manuscript is accepted for publication, written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material will have to be supplied. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain. If photographs of people are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.
Figures should be professionally drawn, photographed and digitised or created electronically; freehand or typewritten lettering is unacceptable. Letters, numbers and symbols should be clear and even throughout and of sufficient size that when reduced for publication, each item will still be legible. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends for illustrations not on the illustrations themselves. All illustrations must be supplied at the correct resolution:
- Black and white and colour photos – 300 dpi
- Graphs, drawings, etc –300 dpi minimum
- Combinations of photos and drawings (black and white and colour) – 300 dpi minimum